Use of Tense

what is tense and its use, how do you use past tense and present tense in a sentence अगर आप जानना चाहते है कि tense क्या है और इसका वाक्य में प्रयोग केसे करे and how fill up blanks with verbs correctly. जानिए विस्तृत जानकारी हिंदी में तो चलिए शुरू करते है –

 
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Use of Present Tense

a) Present Indefinite/ Simple Tense

1. To express ‘habitual, regular or repeated’ action

these action found with time expressing adverbs like words ( always, often, sometime, generally, usually, occasionally, rarely, seldom, never, hardly, scarcely, habitually, daily, every day/ night/ morning/ evening/ week/ month/ year, once a week/ day/ month, twice a week/ month/ day )
For example:-
Mukesh goes to bed at 10 P.M.          ( regular action )
He takes tea without sugar.                ( habit action )
I get up at 6 a.m. every morning.       ( habit action )
He generally comes here at night.      ( regular action )

2. To express ‘Universal Truth’

For example:-

  1. The sun rises in the east.
  2. Two and two makes four.
  3. Water boils at 100 degree C.

3. To express ‘Running/Eye seen’ Commentary

For example:-

  1. Ganguli runs after the ball, catches it and throws it on the stumps.
  2. Bimla beats the son of Kamla.

4. To express ‘Future fixed  program’

For example:-

  1. The college reopens in October.
  2. The Prime Minister comes her tomorrow.

5. In conditional sentences
If second part of sentence is Simple ‘Present/ Past/ Future’ Tense

For example:-

  1. If you run fast, you will catch the train.
  2. When he comes here, he will help me.

6. In exclamatory sentence with start ‘Here, there’

For example:-

  1. Here comes the bus !
  2. There goes the bus !

b) Present Continuous Tense

1. In the action of ‘ time of speaking ‘
And mostly these action found in words ‘now, at present, at the moment, this morning/ evening, recently, tonight, … etc‘.

For example:-

  1. He is reading a novel now.
  2. They are washing the plates this morning.

2. In the action of ‘temporary action but have continue process’

For example:-

  1. The road is repairing.
  2. He is reading the Mahabharata.

3. For ‘future fixed program/ nearest future’

For example:-

  1. She is going home tomorrow.
  2. My brother-in-law is coming this evening.

4. In the sense of ‘continued increase or decrease

For example:-

  1. Her health is gradually improving.
  2. The number of audience is increasing.

c) Present Perfect Tense

1. In the ‘Just complete work’ action

For example:-

  1. I have just completed my home work.
  2. We have enjoyed this ride.

2. With adverbial phrases like ( often/ yet/ just/ lately/ recently/ ever etc.)

For example:-

  1. She has not gone yet.
  2. The train has already left.

3. Not use with past time expressing words like ( last year/ week/ month, yesterday, ago etc.)

For example:-

  1. I have seen him last year.
  2. I saw him last year.

d) Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. For that action whose process is  ‘Continue in present from a long time’

For example:-

  1. They have been writing a blog since 2 P.M.
  2. It has been raining since morning.

Use of Past Tense

a) Past Indefinite/ Simple Tense

1.For complete action in past time.
And mostly these action found with time expressing words like ( yesterday, yesterday morning/ noon/ evening/ afternoon, the day before yesterday, the other day, ago, last morning/ evening/ night/ day/ week/ month/ year/ moment, in March 1942, in May 1998….etc.)

For example:

  1. The peon bought a cup of coffee.
  2. I bought this pen in New York.
  3. She came to see me last night.

2. For ‘past habitual action’ 
Or sentence with word like ( used to, would, always, often, sometime, generally, usually, occassionally, rarely, seldom, never, hardly, scarcely, habitually, daily, every day/ night/ morning/ evening/ week/ month/ year, once a week/ day/ month, twice a week/ month/ day )

For example:

  1. In my childhood, I played cricket.
  2. Mohan always carried a bag.

3. In sentence beginning with ‘It is time, it is high time, it is about time

For example:

  1. It is time he started playing cricket.
  2. It is high time she left for the bus stop.

4. For ‘Suppositional sentence’
and these sentence have word like ( if, as, as though, if only, ‘I/ We/ He/She/ They’ wish etc.)

For example:

  1. If I became the prime Minister of India, I would solve the problem of Kashmir.

5. In Conditional Sentence
If second part of sentence is Simple ‘Present/ Past/ Future’ Tense

For example:

  1. If you reached in time, you might catch the train.
  2. If my servant came on time, I would pay him his wages.

6. If there are two part in past sentence, then we use ‘Past Continuous Tense’ for continuous work and use ‘Simple Past Tense’ for other part.

For example:

  1. While he was watering the plants, an insect bit him.
  2. When I was writing a book, Sudhir arrived.

7. If there are two part in past sentence, we use ‘Past Perfect Tense’ for previous action ( पहले वाला कार्य ) and ‘Simple Past Tense’ for subsequent action’ ( बाद वाला कार्य )

For example:

  1. The patient had died before the doctor came.
  2. The doctor came after the patient had died.
  3. The train had departed when he reached the station.

b) Past Continuous Tense

1. For that sentence which is continue in past tense

For example:

  1. They were reading a notice.
  2. When she came to me, I was taking to my to my brother.

2. If there are two part of past sentence and start a same time, then we use this tense

For example:

  1. While I was writing this chapter, my wife was watching T.V.
  2. I was working while my sister was cooking food.

3. If there are two part in past sentence, we use ‘Past Perfect Tense’ for previous action ( पहले वाला कार्य ) and ‘Simple continuous Tense’ for subsequent action’ ( बाद वाला कार्य में sense के हिसाब से  )

For example:

  1. When I reached home, my family member were talking with each other.

4. In the sense of ‘continued increase or decrease’

For example:-

  1. It was getting darker and darker.

c) Past Perfect Tense

1. If there are two part of past sentence, we use ‘Past Perfect Tense’ for previous action ( पहले वाला कार्य ) and ‘Simple Past Tense’ for subsequent action’ ( बाद वाला कार्य )

For example:

  1. She had left her office when he came.
  2. I came after he had gone.

2. For ‘Suppositional sentence’
and these word are like ( ‘We’ wish, I wish, He wishes, She wishes, they wish, as if, as though ….etc.)   

For example:

  1. We wish she had been born in 1948.
  2. She takes to me as if she had come from the film industry.

3. In this type of structure
If + S. + had + Verb 3rd + (,) + S. + would/ could/ might + have + Verb 3rd + Object.
& Had + S. + Verb 3rd + (,) + S. + would/ could/ might + have + Verb 3rd + Object.

For example:

  1. If the police had come a little before, the criminal would not have gone away.

2. d) Past Perfect Continuous Tense

1. For those action which are continue from definite time of Past

For example:

  1. My younger brother had been quarreling since morning.
Tense का प्रयोग

Use of Future Tense

a) Future Indefinite/ Simple Tense

1. In the action of future
those word which express future time are like ( today, tomorrow, next week/ day/ month/ year…)

For example:

  1. He will help you.
  2. You will go to college tomorrow.
  3. She will arrive at 6 O’clock.

2. In principal clause of a conditional sentence

For example:

  1. I shall buy a motorcycle when the price comes down.
  2. She will come if you write to her.

3. We can express a future sentence by using this type of structure
Subject + ‘has/ have’ or ‘is/ am/ are’ + ( to + Verb 1st.)
& Subject + is/ am/ are + about + ( to + verb 1st.)
& Subject + is/ am/ are + going + ( to + verb 1st.)

For example:

  1. He has to come in time.
  2. You are to appear at the examination.
  3. She is about to sing a song.
  4. I am going to write several books.

b) Future Continuous Tense

1. For that sentence which is continue in Future 

For example:

  1. She will be staying there.
  2. When he gets home, his daughters will be reading.

c) Future Perfect Tense

1. For that action which is just complete in future and some phrase that express just complete work are – “by + time expressing words” like (‘by monday, by tuesday …etc, by january, by february …etc, before january, february …etc, before january, before february ….etc, by evening, by morning …etc.)

For example:

  1. He will have come back home by evening.
  2. By this time next year I shall have watched the film.

2. If there are two part of past sentence, we use ‘Future Perfect Tense’ for previous action ( पहले वाला कार्य ) and use ‘Simple present Tense’ for second part

For example :

  1. I shall have finished my work before you come.
  2. The plants will have dried before it rains.

d) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

1. For those action which are continue from a definite time in future
and some phrase that express continue action is –  ‘By + time expressing word

For example:

  1. The farmer will have been working in the field.
  2. By the end of this month I shall have been teaching here for five years.

उपरोक्त tense के रूल की मदद से किसी भी blanks सेंटेंस को केसे fill up करे, सम्बंधित

Read Also :- Tense Exercise